Efficacy and Risks of Opioid Medication Management
- Opioids have been shown to effectively reduce cancer and acute pain conditions and they can also share a role in the management of chronic pain.
- Opioids may be inappropriate for patients with substance use disorders or a history of those problems. If any psychoactive medications are used, providers must take special precautions.
- Concerns about side effects, such as functional impairment and physical inactivity, as well as concerns about physical or psychological dependence, must be taken into consideration when using opioids for chronic pain management.
- Physical dependence is a physiological adaptation to a substance, defined by a growing tolerance for its effects and/or withdrawal symptoms when use is reduced or ends.
- Psychological dependence (often called addiction) is a primary, chronic, neurobiological disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations.
- Psychological dependence may occur with or without physical dependence and is conceptually characterized by impaired control over drug use, compulsive use, continued use despite harm, and craving for the psychic effects of the drug.
- What appears to be psychological dependence may be due to pain that is under treated. This is also known as pseudoaddiction.
To learn more about the benefits and risks of prescription medication in chronic pain management check out my article titled America in Pain: Turning to Prescription Drugs - a Blessing or a Curse, that you can download for free on our Ariticles page.
You can learn more about the Addiction-Free Pain Management® System at our website http://www.addiction-free.com/ If you or a loved one is undergoing chronic pain management, especially if you're in recovery or believe you may have a medication or other mental health problem and you want to learn more effective chronic pain management tools, please go to our Publications page and check out my books; especially the Addiction-Free Pain Management® Recovery Guide: Managing Pain and Medication in Recovery. To purchase this book please Click Here.
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